A cargo ship is a kind of ship or vessel that conveys payload, merchandise, and materials starting with one destination to another. It is also known as freighters and there are thousands that can handle the major services of international trade. It is considered to be the best mode of transportation and transfer of trade goods and any short of business item. Cargo ship services is the process of grouping products and loading onto a pallet once the products are properly packed. The whole process starts with packaging of products into individual packages before being put into an outer pack before they’re wrapped and loaded onto ship. Cargo ships are usually specially designed for the task, often being equipped with cranes and other mechanisms to load and unload, and come in all sizes. Today, they are almost always built by welded steel, and with some exceptions generally have a life expectancy before being scrapped. There are mainly different types of cargo ships and it is classified on the basis of the cargo that carry namely:

General cargo: The vessels carry packaged items like chemicals, foods, furniture, machinery, motor- and military vehicles, footwear, garments, etc.

Container ships: This are cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size intermodal containers, in a technique called containerization. They are a common means of commercial intermodal freight transport and now carry most seagoing non-bulk cargo. Container ship capacity is measured in twenty-foot equivalent units.

Tankers: These vessels that have especially designed containers to transport and it is used to carry petroleum products or other liquid cargo.

Dry bulk: These carriers transport non packaged loose materials like coal, food grains, ore and other similar products in loose form.

Multi-purpose vessels: It is used to carry all kinds of different goods of cargo e.g., liquid and general cargo at the same time.

Reefer ships: This ship is specifically designed and used for shipping perishable commodities which require temperature-controlled, mostly fruits, meat, fish, vegetables, dairy products and other foodstuffs.


Sea cargo is a transporting method of large amount of goods using ships. Goods are packed into large containers and then loaded onto a vessel. It is one of the best ways of providing service of goods to places around the world. In early ages sea cargo was the only means of transportation used by the industrialized countries. Usually, it is used by companies who ship a large amount of goods at once, with longer lead times. This mode of services is the longest yet is ideal for bulk shipments such as coal and minerals. It may be a bottom that carries goods, and materials from one port to a different. Thousands of cargo carriers layer the world’s seas and oceans annually, handling the bulk of international trade. The Cargo ships are usually specially designed for the task, often being equipped with cranes and other mechanisms to load and unload, and are available altogether sizes. Today, they’re nearly always built by welded steel, and with some exceptions generally have a anticipation of 25 to 30 years before being scrapped.

Advantages of Sea Cargo:

Ideal for transporting heavy and bulky goods. It is suitable for products with long lead times. These services help to sell products to the end users at very affordable prices providing with an edge over competitors.

●It is cheap for large volumes. By opting for transportation through ships, it can save a lot of money and reduce operational cost in the process.

●Cargo services are very environment friendly and offer companies with an opportunity to transport all kinds of goods without causing any harm to the environment. This helps business organizations to improve brand image.

Disadvantages of Sea cargo:

●It is difficult to monitor exact location of goods to transit in bad weather. It often delays delivering the goods on time. It is a long transport way compared to other

●It causes huge capital expenditure and also high cost of maintenance.

●It is higher theft risk in port. The products get stolen which being transported and hence resulting in a loss to the companies.

Why sea cargo service is important:

Sea Cargo services play an important role by means of transportation in the world. It is one of the oldest means of services. With the technology development this service becomes important features in the capacity in single shipment and can transport in large quantities of goods to other country with the volume of huge vessels. The latest technologies, the modern design of the vessel as well as the developments in the field of manufacturing devices for loading and unloading at the port and it reduce the final cost of transportation. There is no other type of services can be compared in terms of carrying capacity and capacity of goods for transportation.

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